World War II: Dark Days Again for Poland

The German invasion of Poland on 1st September, 1939 kick started the Second World War. On September 17, the Russians invaded Poland. The Polish resistance was crushed in the face of the advancing troops. The hard-earned independence lasted only two decades.

Though deported, the Polish government never surrendered. Underground movements were organized and the expelled government under General Wladyslaw Sikorski and Stanislaus Mikolajczyk continued the liberation movement.

Heavy losses of life and property and the omnipresent dread of the German concentration camps (six million Poles were killed, and 2.5 million were deported to Germany for slavery) notwithstanding, the resurgent Poles fought on and finally in early 1945, broke through the last vestiges of the German army.

A new republic of Poland was thus formed.