Krzysztof Penderecki (1933- )

Renowned conductor and composer. Professor at the Cracow Music Academy, lecturer at the universities of Essen and Yale, Penderecki's career started in 1959 at the Young Polish Composers Competition, where he won three top awards for 'Emanations', 'David's Psalms' and 'Stanzas'. His memorable compositions include: 'Lament to the victims of Hiroshima' (1960), 'The passions according to Saint Luke' (1965), 'Magnificent' (1974), 'The second symphony of the birth of Christ' (1980), 'The viola concert' (1983), 'Seven brothers of Jerusalem' (1996), 'Mass' (1998) and 'Credo' (2000).